VCU Bulletins

Mathematical Sciences, Bachelor of Science (B.S.) with a concentration in operations research

Special requirements

The B.S. in Mathematical Sciences requires a minimum of 120 credits. Along with the general education requirements of the College of Humanities and Sciences and the undergraduate degree requirements, students are required to take core courses and fulfill specific requirements for the degree.

Based on the results of the Mathematics Placement Test, students may be required to take MATH 151 Precalculus Mathematics. No more than one course in mathematics (MATH) at the 100 level can count for the general requirements toward the degree. Credit for 100-level mathematical sciences courses cannot be applied toward the mathematical sciences courses required for the major in mathematical sciences.

Double major

Students who meet the requirements for two of the concentrations within the mathematical sciences curriculum can receive a double major. To initiate a double major, students must obtain the appropriate form from the Office of Records and Registration.

Second baccalaureate degree

For students possessing a bachelor’s degree and wishing to gain undergraduate preparation in an area of mathematical sciences, second baccalaureate degrees are offered through the department. For detailed information about these programs, refer to the “Academic regulations and general degree requirement” section of this bulletin.

The curriculum in mathematical sciences promotes understanding of the mathematical sciences and their structures, uses and relationships to other disciplines. To this end, the scholarly growth of the faculty and students in the mathematical sciences is nurtured through study, research and a high standard of teaching. The curriculum provides a sound foundation for the student seeking to enter a career with a technological orientation or for the student who wishes to pursue graduate study in applied mathematics, biomathematics, mathematics, operations research, statistics, teaching mathematics in secondary schools or related fields.

A Bachelor of Science is offered jointly by the Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics and the Department of Statistical Sciences and Operations Research. In the Department of Statistical Sciences and Operations Research, students pursuing the Bachelor of Science in Mathematical Sciences can choose a concentration of operations research, which focuses on modern mathematical techniques for solving problems arising from other fields, such as engineering, business or economics.

Degree requirements for Mathematical Sciences, Bachelor of Science (B.S.) with a concentration in operations research

Learning outcomes

Upon completing this program, students will know and know how to do the following:

  • Apply theories of mathematical programming
  • Perform stochastic models and decision analysis
  • Obtain, analyze and interpret data
  • Use commonly used operations research software
  • Identify and apply operations research models
  • Develop understanding of mathematics
  • Communicate technical information orally and in writing
General Education requirements (32-46 credits) Credits
University Core Education Curriculum (minimum 21 credits)
UNIV 111 Focused Inquiry I 3
UNIV 112 Focused Inquiry II 3
UNIV 200 Inquiry and the Craft of Argument 3
Approved humanities/fine arts 3
Approved natural/physical sciences 3-4
Approved quantitative literacy 3-4
Approved social/behavioral sciences 3-4
Additional College of Humanities and Sciences requirements (11-23 credits)  
HUMS 202 Choices in a Consumer Society 1
Approved H&S diverse and global communities 3
Approved H&S general education electives 6-8
Approved H&S human, social and political behavior (fulfills University Core social/behavioral sciences)  
Approved H&S literature and civilization (fulfills University Core humanities/fine arts)  
Approved H&S science and technology (fulfills University Core natural/physical sciences)  
Experiential fine arts (course offered by the School of the Arts) 1-3
Foreign language through the 102 level (by course or placement) 0-8
Collateral requirements (11-15 credits)  
Complete one of the following natural sciences sequences: 8-10
BIOL 151 and 152 Introduction to Biological Science I and II and BIOZ 151 and 152 Introduction to Biological Science Laboratory I and II  
CHEM 101-102 General Chemistry and CHEZ 101-102 General Chemistry Laboratory  
PHYS 201-202 General Physics  
PHYS 207 and 208 University Physics I and II  
Complete another course in the natural sciences that is not from the general education science and technology list. This course must be in a science different from the sequence chosen above. 3-5
Major requirements (minimum 54-57 credits)  
Note: A minimum grade of C is required in courses/credits marked with an asterisk (*).  
MATH 200-201 Calculus with Analytic Geometry* 8
MATH 300 Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning* 3
MATH 307 Multivariate Calculus 4
MATH/STAT 309 Introduction to Probability Theory*/td> 3
MATH 310 Linear Algebra 3
MATH/OPER 327 Mathematical Modeling* 3
OPER 427 Deterministic Operations Research* 3
OPER 428 Stochastic Operations Research* 3
SSOR 490 Developing Professional Skills in Operations Research and Statistics (capstone)* 3
STAT 212 Concepts of Statistics (fulfills University Core quantitative literacy)  
STAT 503 Introduction to Stochastic Processes* 3
Advanced mathematical sciences electives (complete one) 3
MATH 407 Advanced Calculus*  
MATH 501 Introduction to Abstract Algebra*  
MATH 509 General Topology I*  
Computing sequences (complete one sequence) 6-7
CMSC 245 Introduction to Programming Using C++ and CMSC 246 Advanced Programming Using C++  
CMSC 255 Introduction to Programming and CMSC 256 Data Structures and Object Oriented Programming  
EGRE 245 Engineering Programming Using C and EGRE 246 Advanced Engineering Programming Using C++  
Operations research concentration electives (three courses from list below) 9-12
Open electives (2-23 credits)  
Open electives 2-23
Total minimum requirement 120


For the operations research concentration, three electives must be chosen from the following list:
   CMSC 302 Introduction to Discrete Structures
   CMSC 303 Introduction to the Theory of Computation
   CMSC 391 Topics in Computer Science**
   CMSC 401 Algorithm Analysis with Advanced Data Structures
   INFO 364 Database Systems
   MATH 301 Differential Equations
   MATH 305 Elementary Number Theory
   MATH/BNFO/BIOL 380 Introduction to Mathematical Biology
   MATH 391 Topics in Mathematics**
   MATH 407 Advanced Calculus
   MATH 501 Introduction to Abstract Algebra
   MATH 507 Measure and Integration Theory
   MATH 508 Analysis II
   MATH 509 General Topology I
   MATH 510 General Topology II
   MATH 511 Applied Linear Algebra
   MATH 512 Complex Analysis for Applications
   MATH 515 Numerical Analysis I
   MATH 517 Methods of Applied Mathematics
   MATH 518 Methods of Applied Mathematics
   MATH/OPER 520 Game Theory and Linear Programming
   MATH 525 Introduction to Combinatorial Mathematics
   MATH 532 Ordinary Differential Equations I
   MATH 533 Partial Differential Equations I
   MATH 534 Applied Discrete Dynamical Systems
   OPER 591 Topics in Operations Research**
   SSOR 492 Independent Study**
   STAT 314 Applications of Statistics
   STAT 321 Introduction to Statistical Computing
   STAT 391 Topics in Statistics**
   STAT 404 Introduction to Statistical Inference
   STAT 421 Computational Issues in Statistical Science
   STAT 422 Structured Problem Solving Using Statistics
   STAT 435 Industrial Statistics
   STAT 445 Analyses of Dependent Data
   STAT/BIOS 513 Mathematical Statistics I
   STAT/BIOS 514 Mathematical Statistics II
   STAT/BIOS 523 Nonparametric Statistical Methods
   STAT 541 Applied Statistics for Engineers and Scientists
   STAT/BIOS 544 Statistical Methods II
   STAT 546 Linear Models
   STAT 591 Topics in Statistics**

** Special topics and independent study courses require prior approval from the department chair or the student’s adviser.
Note: Students may not choose both STAT 314 and STAT 541.

Click here to download a sample outline. [PDF]



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